Effect of Personalized, Computer-Based Instruction on Students’ Achievement in Solving Two-Step Word Problems

  IJMTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Mathematical Trends and Technology (IJMTT)          
 
© 2011 by IJMTT Journal
Volume-2 Issue-2                           
Year of Publication : 2011
Authors : Adeneye O. A. Awofala

MLA

Adeneye O. A. Awofala"Effect of Personalized, Computer-Based Instruction on Students’ Achievement in Solving Two-Step Word Problems"International Journal of Mathematical Trends and Technology (IJMTT),V2(2):5-10.June 2011. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract
This study investigated the effect of personalized, computer-based instruction using individual student interests and preferences on students’ achievement in solving two-step word problems. 80 junior secondary school year three students were grouped by ability level based on pre-test scores, then randomly assigned to a personalized or non-personalized version of the computer-based instruction on two-step word problems. Students made significant pre-test-to-post-test gains across treatments and the personalized treatment yielded a significant achievement difference over the non-personalized one. Significant two-way interactions for treatment by ability level, treatment by test occasion and ability level by test occasion were recorded. Also, a significant three-way interaction reflected that personalized high-ability students, non-personalized high-ability students, and non-personalized low-ability students improved less from pre-test to post-test than personalized low-ability students.

References

[1] M. K. Akinsola, and A. O. A. Awofala, Effect of Personalization of Instruction on Students’ Achievement and Self-efficacy in Mathematics word problems. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, vol. 40, pp. 389-404, 2009.
[2] M. K. Akinsola, and A. Tella, Diagnosis of Pupils’ Difficulties and Errors in Learning Mathematics in Primary School in Ibadan. Ibadan Journal of Educational Studies, vol. 1, pp. 118-127, 2001.
[3] P. G. Anand, and S. M. Ross, Using Computer-Assisted Instruction to Personalize Arithmetic Materials for Elementary School Children. Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. 79, pp. 72-78, 1987.
[4] A.O.A. “Awofala, Impact of Personalised Instruction on Senior Secondary School Students’ Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Word Problems”. An unpublished Ph.D Thesis, University of Ibadan, 2010.
[5] T. Bailey, Taking the Problems out of Word Problems. Teaching Pre K-8, vol. 32, pp. 60-61, 2002.

Keywords
Personalized, computer-based instruction, achievement, two-step word problems