Analysis of Troubleshooting Ability Reviewed From Student Cognitive Style

  IJMTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Mathematics Trends and Technology (IJMTT)
 
© 2020 by IJMTT Journal
Volume-66 Issue-2
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Wahyuddin, Sri Satriani, Ernawati, Nursakiah
  10.14445/22315373/IJMTT-V66I2P519

MLA

MLA Style:Wahyuddin, Sri Satriani, Ernawati, Nursakiah   "Analysis of Troubleshooting Ability Reviewed From Student Cognitive Style" International Journal of Mathematics Trends and Technology 66.2 (2020):155-162. 

APA Style: Wahyuddin, Sri Satriani, Ernawati, Nursakiah (2020). Analysis of Troubleshooting Ability Reviewed From Student Cognitive Style International Journal of Mathematics Trends and Technology, 155-162.

Abstract
This study aimed to determine and describe: 1) the level of students' problem solving skills; 2) the students’ cognitive profile style 3) the differences in the ability to solve mathematical problems between students who have field independence cognitive style (FI) and field dependence (FD); and 4) the influence of cognitive style on students' problem solving abilities. This research was an ex-post facto research with correlational with a qualitative descriptive approach. When the research was conducted in the even semester of Academic year 2018/2019 at the Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, the population were all students of Mathematics Education Study Program in semester IV with 180 students that spread over 8 classes with sample of 57 people taken through group sampling techniques.Data analysis techniques used in this study include quantitative descriptive analysis techniques and statistical statistics through simple regression analysis. The findings of the study: 1) the level of problem solving ability of students is in the medium category with an average value is73.17 with the highest value ois 94 and the lowest value is 40 with a range is 64; 2) The cognitive style profile of students was dominated by the cognitive style of field independence by 91.2% and the cognitive style of field dependence is8.8%; 3) There is a difference in the ability of solving problems between students who have a field independence cognitive style and a dependent field cognitive style. Where students with cognitive field independence style have higher abilities (in the high category) compared to students with cognitive field dependence style (in the medium category); and 4) Cognitive style has no significant effect on students' problem solving abilities, this illustrates that the cognitive style possessed by each student was not adequate to improve problem solving abilities for students. In solving mathematical problems, students need analytical skills, reasoning, adapting various approaches and strategies, reconstructing problems in other contexts involving mathematics, building new mathematical knowledge through problem solving, and monitoring and reflecting on the process of solving mathematical problems.

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Keywords
cognitive style, independent fields, dependent fields, and problem solving abilities