Volume 65 | Issue 2 | Year 2019 | Article Id. IJMTT-V65I2P516 | DOI : https://doi.org/10.14445/22315373/IJMTT-V65I2P516

The study focused on effect of flipping a mathematics classroom on the interest of senior secondary school II students. Two pedagogical methods were used namely Flipped Classroom Strategy (FCS) and Teacher-Centered Method (TCM). The study adopted the two group pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design. The sample size for this study was one hundred and four (104) students; fifty three (53) in the control group and fifty one (51) students in the experimental group. To collect data for the research, the authors designed and developed a Mathematics Interest Scale (MIS) which was validated by mathematics teachers and experts in the field of measurement and evaluation. To test the internal consistency of the MIS, the Cronbach Alpha technique was used and a reliability coefficient of 0.708 was obtained. The results from the pre-interest and post-interest mean scores revealed that FCS enhanced students’ interest in mathematics. However, the effect was not statistically significant. There also existed a difference in students’ interest in mathematics for the two groups (FCS & TCM) in favour of those taught with the FCS, but this was also not statistically significant.

[1] Maliki, A. E., Ngban, A. N., & Ibu, J. E. (2009). Analysis of students performance in junior Secondary School Mathematics examination in Bayelsa State of Nigeria. Student Communication Science, 3(2), 131-134.

[2] The National Mathematics Advisory Panel. (2008). The final report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/1st/mathpanel/report.dpf

[3] Kravitz, C. (2013). Why math is important. Retrieved from www.slideshare.net/chelseakravitz/why-math- is-important.

[4] Adedayo, O. (1997). Mathematics Phobia, Diagnosis Prescription. National Mathematical Centre, 1st Annual Lecture, Abuja.

[5] Jonah, T O., Caleb, M. L., & Stephen, A.A. (2012). The teaching of mathematics in secondary schools as a tool for self-reliance and re branding process in Nigeria. Education Research and Reviews 7 (1), 1-4. Retrieved 10th June 2016 from http://www.academicjournals.org/ERP

[6] Charles-Ogan, G. & Willaims, C. (2015). Flipped Classroom Versus a Conventional Classroom in the Learning of Mathematics. British Journal of Education. 3(6), 71-77.

[7] Strayer, J. (2007). The Effects of the Classroom and a Flip Classroom that used an Intelligent Tutoring System. Doctoral Dissertation. Ohio Link ETD Center 1189523914.

[8] Bergmann, J. Overmyer, J., & Wilie, B. (2013). The flipped class: Myths versus reality (web log post). Retrieved from http://www.thedaityriff.com/articles/the-flipped-class-conversation - 89.php

[9] Alvarez, B. (2012). Flipping the classroom; Homework in class, lessons at home Education Digest; Essential Reading condensed for Quick Review, 77(8), 18-21 Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov>...

[10] Bergman, J. and Sams, A. (2012b). Flip Your Classroom: Reach Every Student in Every Class Every Day, ASCD: Eugene, or 2012.

[11] Fulton, K. (2012b). Upside down and inside out: Flip you Classroom to Improve Student Learning. Learning and Leading with Technology, 39 (8), 12-17. http://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/honor.projects

[12] Millard, E. (2012). 5 Reasons Flipped Classrooms Work. Retrieved 10/10/2012 from http://www.ascd.ord/publications/books/112060/chapters/why-yoy-should-flip-your- classroom.aspx

[13] Berrett, D. (2012). How “Flipping” the Classroom can Improve the Traditional Lecture. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 58 (21)16-18.

[14] Anderson, K. M. (2007). Differentiating instruction to include all students. Preventing school failure, 51(3), 49-54 Brunsell, E., & Horejsi, M. (2011). “Flipping” your classroom. Science Teacher, 78(2), 10.

[15] Brunsell, E., & Horejsi, M. (2011). “Flipping” your classroom. Science Teacher, 78(2), 10.

[16] Brown-Martin, G. (2012). Technophobia has no place in education. (encourage students to use iPad and iPhone in schools). Times Educational Supplement, (4,974), 44.

[17] Carmichael, C., Callingham, R., Hay, I & Watson, J. (2010). Measuring Middle School students‟ Interest in Statistical Literacy. Mathematics Education Research Journal (22)3, 9-39.

[18] Offorma, G.O (2003). Using Students to Assess the Performance of French Language Teachers. Journal of World Council for Curriculum and Instruction. 4(2), 84-90.

[19] Saunders, J. R. M. (2014). The Flipped classroom its effect on student academic achievement retrieved from http://digitalcommons.liberty.edu>viewcontent

[20] Anaduaka, U, S., Okafor, C. F. (2013). Poor performance of Nigeria students in Mathematics in Senior Secondary Certificate (SSCE): What is not working? JORIND II(2) ISSN 15968303.Retreived 6th August 2016 from www.transcampus.org/journals; www.ajol/journals/jorinal

[21] Sedig, K. (2008). From play to thoughtful learning: A design strategy to engage children with mathematical representations. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 27(1), 65-101.

[22] Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological process. London: Harvard University Press.

[23] Jones, K., Jones, J., & Vermette, P. J. (2010). The constructivist mathematics classroom. Mathematics Teaching, (219), 33-35.

[24] Anderson, L.W. &Krathwohl,D. R (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing. A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: Longman.

[25] Szaparagowski, R. (2014). Honors Projects. Paper 127. Retrieved from The National Mathematics Advisory Panel. (2008). The final report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/1st/mathpanel/report.dpf

[26] Kurt, G. (2017). Implementing the Flipped Classroom in Teacher Education: Evidence from Turkey Educational Technology and Society, 20(11), 211 – 221. Retrieved from www.fets.info>journals.

[27] Schultz, D. Duffield, S., Rasmuseen, S.C. & wageman, J. (2013). Effects of the Flipped Classroom Model on Student Performance for Advanced Placement High School Chemistry Students. Journal of Chemical Education, 91 (9), 1334-1339. Doi: 10.1021/ed400868x

[28] Johnson, L. W., & Renner, J. D. (2012) Effect of the flipped classroom model on a secondary computer applications course: student and teacher perceptions, Questions and student achievement (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Louisville)

[29] JoRanna, M.S. (2014). The Flipped Classroom: Its effect on students‟ Academic Achievement and Critical Thinking Skills in Higher school Mathematics. (Doctoral Dissertation, Liberty University.

[30] Kadry, S. and El Hami, S. (2014). Flipped Classroom Model in Calculus 11. Journal of Education, 4(4), 103-197.

[31] Koo, C.L., Demps, E.L.; Farris, C. Bowman, J.D., Panahi, L., and Boyle, P. (2016). Impact of Flipped Classroom Design on Student Performance and Perceptions in a Pharmacotheraphy course. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 80 (2) Article 33.

Roselyn A. Efiuvwere, Esther F. Fomsi, "Flipping the Mathematics Classroom to Enhance Senior Secondary Students Interest," *International Journal of Mathematics Trends and Technology (IJMTT)*, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 95-101, 2019. *Crossref*, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315373/IJMTT-V65I2P516